Steroids are a general term for a large class of cyclopentane-condensed fully hydrogenated phenanthrene derivatives widely distributed in the biological world. Steroid compounds do not contain bound fatty acids and are non-saponifiable lipids; these compounds belong to isoprenoid materials and are produced by cyclization of triterpenes followed by internal molecular reorganization and chemical modification. Steroids include steroids (eg cholesterol, lanosterol, sitosterol, stigmasterol, ergosterol), bile acids and bile alcohols, steroid hormones (eg adrenal corticosteroids, androgens, estrogen), insect ecdysone, Cardiac glycosides and saponins and toad poison. In addition, there are synthetic steroid drugs such as anti-inflammatory agents (prednisone, dexamethasone), steroid drugs that promote protein synthesis, and oral contraceptives. Anabolic steroids are similar to synthetic male sex hormones. They are a class of chemically synthesized derivatives similar in structure and activity to the human male hormone testosterone. On October 27, 2017, the World Health Organization’s International Agency for Research on Cancer published a preliminary list of carcinogens, androgen (anabolic) steroids are in the list of category 2A carcinogens.
In 1990, Congress passed the Anabolic Steroid Control Act, which classified 27 types of steroids as drugs in Schedule II of the Controlled Drugs Act. As a result, the market price of the drug increased substantially. Health clubs have always been steroid sales centers, while weightlifting and bodybuilding enthusiasts are the main steroid abusers. Steroids have since spread among professional and amateur athletes and even among junior and high school boys.
Steroids are smuggled into the United States from some European countries and Mexico, generally from individuals and large drug dealers from Eastern Europe and Russia to the United States. Because of the lack of international control over the supply of foreign drug sources, it is almost impossible for the United States to combat drug trafficking from its source. Studies have shown that over time, steroids can make a person's health pay a painful price. Abuse of oral or injectable steroids increases the risk of heart disease and stroke. Most people who abuse oral steroids have an increased risk of liver disease. Steroid abusers who share needles or use non-sterile techniques to inject steroids are at risk of contracting HIV or AIDS, hepatitis B and C, and bacterial endocarditis.
According to the National Institute of Drug Abuse statistics, anabolic steroid abuse can also cause some adverse changes in the body. These changes include mammary gland development and atrophy of the male genitals, virilization of the female body, and acne and alopecia are common to both sexes.
Anabolic steroids are similar to synthetic male sex hormones. They are a class of chemically synthesized derivatives similar in structure and activity to the human male hormone testosterone. The role of anabolic can improve the growth of skeletal muscle, and the role of male sex hormones can make male sexual characteristics more obvious.
All synthetic androgen steroids have a chemical structure similar to testosterone. In addition to the effect of increasing muscle mass and strength, and maintaining muscle volume during active or passive weight loss, these drugs also have androgenic effects.
In addition, it can speed up recovery after training, which helps increase training intensity and time. However, if the system's strength training is not carried out at the same time, taking these drugs will have no effect on muscle growth.
Anabolic steroids were first used in 1930 to treat hypogonadism (the testes cannot produce enough testosterone to meet the needs of growth and sexual function). After that, it is mainly used to treat late puberty, impotence, etc.
In the 1930s, scientists found that anabolic steroids are beneficial to the growth of skeletal muscles in animal experiments. After that, bodybuilders and weightlifters began to take them, and eventually developed into many sports. They began to take anabolic steroids.
Today, steroids are widely used in sports, which seriously affects the results and fairness of sports competitions. More than 100 anabolic steroids have been developed in the United States, most of which are illegal, some are smuggled into the United States, and some are developed and produced by pharmaceutical companies or secret laboratories.
In the United States, people can legally purchase DHEA and Andro in pharmacies and health food stores. Although they are not foods, they are often used as nutritional supplements because many people think they have steroid effects. Steroid supplements can be converted into male sex hormones (testosterone). But whether this conversion can produce a sufficient amount of sex hormones or whether it can bring about muscle growth is still unknown, so the side effects of steroid supplements are also unknown. But one thing is for sure, if a large number of these supplements can increase the level of testosterone in the body, then they will also produce side effects like anabolic steroids.
One of the main reasons is that it can improve the level of some people in sports competitions. Among competitive bodybuilders, the proportion of steroid abuse is very high! Steroid abuse is also common in other sports.
Another main reason is that steroids can increase muscle circumference or reduce body fat. This mainly refers to people with behavioral syndrome. They have a very distorted understanding of their bodies. Men will think that his physique is thin, even if these men are well-developed; and women will think they are too fat, even if these women are slim enough to move.
Some people who abuse steroids have experienced physical abuse or sexual insults. These people try to make themselves stronger to protect themselves. A series of surveys of male weightlifters found that 25% of people who abused steroids had been physically assaulted or sexually insulted in their childhood. In a survey of female weightlifters, it was found that women who have been raped take steroids twice as much as those who have not experienced it.
In addition, these women who had been raped tried hard to train sports afterwards. They believe that only a strong body can protect them from physical attacks, because this may make men appear to be very threatening and unattractive.
Finally, steroids are rampant among teenagers. These teenagers often drink, drive, and abuse other illegal drugs. But these teenagers were normal in their psychology when they first started taking illegal drugs.