The definition of food additives varies from country to country. The Joint Food Regulatory Commission of the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the World Health Organization (WHO) defines food additives as: food additives are consciously and generally added to food in small amounts to improve food Non-nutritive substances in appearance, flavor and texture or storage properties. According to this definition, food fortifiers aimed at enhancing the nutritional content of food should not be included in the scope of food additives.
The United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the World Health Organization (WHO) Joint Food Regulatory Commission: Food additives are non-nutritive substances that are consciously added to food in small amounts to improve the appearance, flavor, structure or storage properties of food.
EU: Food additives refer to any substances that are artificially added to food for technical purposes during the production, processing, preparation, handling, packaging, transportation or storage of food.
United States: Food additives refer to substances that are intentionally used to cause or expect to cause them to directly or indirectly become food ingredients or affect food characteristics.
China: In accordance with Article 54 of the Food Hygiene Law of the People’s Republic of China and Article 28 of the Measures for the Hygiene Management of Food Additives, and Article 2 of the Measures for the Hygiene Management of Food Nutrition Enhancers and Article 9 of the Food Safety Law of the People’s Republic of China Article 19, China defines food additives as: food additives, which refer to artificial or natural substances added to food for the purpose of improving the quality and color, aroma and taste of food, as well as for the needs of preservation, preservation and processing technology.
According to GB2760-2011 "National Food Safety Standards for the Use of Food Additives", food additives are defined as "artificially synthesized or added to food to improve the quality and color, aroma and taste of food, as well as for the needs of anti-corrosion, preservation and processing technology." Natural substances. Nutritional fortifiers, food flavors, base substances in gum-based candies, and processing aids for the food industry are also included."
When the public talks about the discoloration of food additives made in food additives supplier, more reasons are that they confuse the concepts of illegal additives and food additives. It is obviously unfair to deduct some illegal additives on the head of food additives. The "Notice of the General Office of the State Council on Severely Cracking down on Illegal Food Additions and Effectively Strengthening the Supervision of Food Additives" requires the regulation of the production and use of food additives: non-edible substances are strictly prohibited to produce compound food additives, and food additives with irregular labels and unknown sources are not allowed to be purchased , To seriously investigate and deal with the abuse of food additives that exceed the scope and limit, and require the formulation and publication of general safety standards and food additive labeling standards for compound food additives before the end of 2011.
What needs to be severely cracked down is illegal additions in food, and what urgently needs to be regulated is the production and use of food additives. There are some problems with food additives, such as unknown sources, or improper materials, and the most likely problem is abuse.
Experts remind citizens that there is no need to panic about food additives and custom peptides. With the imminent promulgation of relevant national standards, the production and use of food additives will be more standardized. Of course, you should strengthen your awareness of self-protection and learn more about food safety, especially not to buy foods that are too bright in color, too strong in taste, and have abnormal taste.
Food additives have greatly promoted the development of the food industry and are known as the soul of the modern food industry. This is mainly because it brings many benefits to the food industry. Its main functions are roughly as follows:
1. Prevent deterioration
For example: preservatives can prevent food spoilage caused by microorganisms, extend the shelf life of food, and also have the effect of preventing food poisoning caused by microbial contamination. Another example: antioxidants can prevent or delay the oxidative deterioration of food to provide food stability and storage resistance, while also preventing the formation of potentially harmful fats and oils auto-oxidizing substances. In addition, it can also be used to prevent enzymatic browning and non-enzymatic browning of foods, especially fruits and vegetables. These are of certain significance to food preservation.
2. Improve food sensory properties
Appropriate use of food additives such as colorants, color retention agents, bleaching agents, flavors, emulsifiers, thickeners, etc. can significantly improve the sensory quality of food and meet people's different needs.
3. Maintain nutrition
Appropriate addition of certain food nutrition fortifiers that belong to the natural nutrition range during food processing can greatly improve the nutritional value of food, which is of great significance to prevent malnutrition and nutritional deficiencies, promote nutritional balance, and improve people's health.
4. Convenient supply
There are more than 20,000 kinds of foods on the market for consumers to choose from. Although most of these foods are produced through certain packaging and different processing methods, in the production process, some products with complete colors, aromas and tastes are mostly different Coloring, flavoring, flavoring and other food additives, such as aluminum food additives, are added to a certain extent. It is the supply of these numerous foods, especially convenience foods, that bring great convenience to people's lives and work.
5. Convenient food processing
The use of defoamers, filter aids, stabilizers and coagulants in food processing can be beneficial to food processing operations. For example, when glucono delta lactone is used as a tofu coagulant, it can facilitate the mechanization and automation of tofu production.
6. Other functions
Food should meet the different needs of people as much as possible. For example, if people with diabetes cannot eat sugar, they can use non-nutritive sweeteners or low-calorie sweeteners such as sucralose or aspartame to make sugar-free food supplies. There are also companies that formulate their own standards for additives. Leading companies in the industry do not allow the addition of preservatives, sodium cyclamate, colors, and fragrances.